Do you consider your cat a picky eater? Have you offered several brands and varieties of food only to have your cat turn up her nose at each and every one? Perhaps your cat has successfully eaten one type of food for days and then suddenly rejects it. Regardless of whether you’re feeding wet food, dry food, premium, raw or homemade, many cat parents have been faced with finicky eater syndrome. What causes it? There can be several reasons why your cat becomes a picky eater.
Fixed Food Preference
Many cats who have been fed a very palatable single food longterm can develop a fixed food preference. While they may successfully eat that food meal after meal, year after year, a problem can occur if the food’s formulation should change or if the cat needs to be placed on a prescription diet for a medical issue. Many animal experts and veterinarians recommend varying the cat’s diet by offering various flavors, textures, shapes and types of food.
When it comes to most things in life, cats don’t like change. When your cat goes to her food bowl at mealtime, she can become totally thrown off by the aroma, texture and taste of a completely unfamiliar food. Abrupt food changes can also cause intestinal upset. New foods should be introduced gradually to avoid stomach upset and minimize the chance of food rejection.
Hiding Medication in Food
If your cat has to be on medication and you know from previous history that attempting to put a pill in her mouth has resulted in one very angry cat and possible injury to you, then you may have resorted to disguising the medication in your cat’s meal. Your cat has a keen sense of smell and more often than not, she has been able to detect that her meal has been tampered with. Additionally, many medications aren’t meant to be chewed and are designed to go down to the stomach with their protective coating intact. Often, the contents of the pill are bitter which can also adversely affect the food’s palatability. Your cat is smart and once she knows there has been medication in her food she may reject that food in the future regardless of whether you have added anything or not.
If you medicate your cat, do so separately from the meals. Pills can be hidden in Pill Pockets (a soft treat designed specifically for that purpose). Some medications can be reformulated into a transdermal delivery system so you can simply rub the cream on the cat’s ear tip. If you must pill or administer liquid medication, consider clicker training your cat to accept the process or work on developing a quick, calm method of administering medication with minimal stress. Your veterinarian can help you improve your cat handling technique. Early training to accept having her mouth touched when she’s still a kitten will serve you well as she matures. Even if your cat is an adult you can still do some training to change her association with having her mouth touched or ears handled. Talk to your veterinarian if you need guidance on the best way to medicate a cat.
Fear and Stress
If your cat has been bullied at the food bowl by another pet, then she may have decided that it’s too risky to be in that location. Even just living in a stressful environment can cause a change in your cat’s appetite. Your cat’s mealtime set-up should inspire security and comfort. In a multicat household this may mean setting up more than one feeding location so one cat can’t bully another. Some cats do well being fed in elevated locations to stay out of reach of small children or the family dog. Evaluate your cat’s mealtime set-up to see what improvements can be made to create a peaceful environment.
Water and Food Together
If you feed your cat from a double feeder where food goes in one side and water goes in the other, that may be very unappealing to her. Some cats like their water in a totally separate location from the food.
Watering Down the Food
You may have thought it was a good idea to add water to your cat’s dry food to increase her water consumption but the only result ends up being uneaten, soggy food. Additionally, adding water to wet food may change the consistency too much and make it less appealing.
Feeding too Close to the Litter Box
Most of us don’t eat in the bathroom and your cat would probably agree with the fact that it’s not an ideal location. In the cat world, the act of going away from the living quarters and covering the waste after elimination are very important aspects of survival. To eat near the elimination area can be very confusing. In many cases it can lead to a litter box avoidance problem but in some cases it can result in finicky eating as well, or at the very least, increased anxiety during meals.
Any change in your cat’s appetite could be caused by an underlying medical issue. It could range from a disease to even a tooth problem that’s causing pain whenever your cat attempts to chew. Respiratory problems could cause your cat to reject her food because she is unable to smell it. Cats heavily rely on their sense of smell before eating their food. Any change in your cat’s appetite should be viewed as a potential red flag that something is medically wrong. Have your cat examined by the veterinarian.
Temperature and Freshness
Food fed directly from the refrigerator is unappealing. Cats aren’t scavengers and they use their nose to determine if the temperature of their prey indicates whether it’s safe to eat. If the food is cold, it could indicate to the cat that it’s not very fresh. Cold food also releases less aroma so there’s a decreased scent appeal. Wet food should be served at body temperature or slightly warmer. Dry food should be room temperature. Wet food shouldn’t be left out in the bowl to dry and harden.
Feeding the Wrong Food
You’d be surprised how many times I come across cat parents who create inadequate homemade diets or feed the cat a diet that is missing vital nutrients. If you’re going to feed raw food or cook a homemade diet, talk to your veterinarian to be sure you are fully educated on how to create a nutrition program that meets all of your cat’s requirements for her life stage. If feeding commercial food, your veterinarian can guide you on the dizzying choices in brands on the market today. Just because a food is highly palatable doesn’t mean it’s appropriate for your cat.
Doctoring up the Food
To get kitty to eat you may have mixed in some goodies such as chicken, tuna or some other tasty morsels. The problem with that is you’ve now increased your cat’s taste expectations and she’ll be less likely to eat food without the added yummies. Unless your veterinarian has instructed you to supplement the diet, don’t try to trick your cat into eating her normal food by adding table scraps.
Need More Information?
For more specific information on mealtime issues and nutrition, contact your veterinarian because he/she knows your cat’s specific health concerns, life stage and body condition. This article is not intended to replace proper veterinary care and nutritional guidance provided by your own veterinarian.
We’re sorry but Pam is unable to respond to questions or remarks posted in the comment section. If you have a question about cat behavior, you can find many answers in the articles Pam writes for the website as well as in her best-selling books.