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Solving Your Cat’s Litter Box Problem: 6 Mistakes to Avoid

solving your cat's litter box problem

It can be extremely frustrating when your cat stops using her litter box. Anything and everything in your home can become a potential target of urine or feces. Litter box aversion is the most common problem clients call me about and in many cases, those clients are at the end of their ropes. Cat parents seem to be able to tolerate furniture scratching, biting or constant meowing but when a cat pees on the carpet day after day it can be a deal-breaker. Nothing sends a cat to the shelter faster than a house that smells like cat pee.

Sadly, many of the cats relinquished to shelters, abandoned, or euthanized due to litter box problems could’ve been helped. Litter box problems cause cat parents to react impulsively, emotionally and sometimes irrationally. The sight or smell of cat pee on a cherished sofa or an expensive carpet can easily short-circuit a person’s patience. The level of frustration is understandable but how people handle the problem can either improve the situation or send it on a downward spiral. Here are some harmful mistakes I’ve seen cat parents make:


 1. Waiting Too Long to do Something About it

I can’t tell you how many times people call me and request an immediate consultation because they’re planning on taking the cat to the shelter within days. The problem has usually been going on for weeks, months, and maybe even years and then the cat parent reaches the breaking point. The longer a problem goes on, the harder it is to correct. If you wait until the problem has caused you to reach your breaking point then you probably won’t be in a good frame of mind to do the proper behavior modification. It’s also not fair to the cat. When a cat feels she can’t use the litter box for whatever reason, it’s stressful. If the reason is medically related, it also causes suffering. Don’t wait.

2. Assuming the Problem is Behavioral

Many behavior problems have underlying medical causes. Many cats suffer in pain because a cat parent assumes the cause of the litter box aversion is due to a behavior problem when in fact, it might be due to lower urinary tract disease, renal failure, diabetes, or any number of medical issues. Whenever a cat displays a change in behavior you should have her checked out by the veterinarian. Once the veterinarian determines the cat isn’t suffering from a medically-related problem then you can start to tackle this from a behavioral standpoint.

It’s not unusual for many cat parents to assume the cat is peeing on the bed or the carpet out of spite but that kind of thinking will prevent success when it comes to correcting the problem. Cats don’t do things out of spite or because they’re angry at you. Cat parents who think that way will overlook the need for a veterinary check-up and could cause the cat to suffer needlessly. Also, that kind of thinking sets you up for total failure in terms of trying to solve the problem.

black and white cat

Photo: Fotolia

3. Punishment

This is so counter-productive it’s heartbreaking. Rubbing your cat’s nose in her mess, spanking, yelling, time-out, squirting her with water, or any other form of punishment does nothing to help retrain her, and in fact, can make the situation worse. If your cat is peeing outside of the litter box she is doing it because she feels she has no other option.

If you punish her for it you add to her stress, potentially creating an added fear of you in the process, and she may start retaining her urine (which is medically harmful) for as long as she can out of fear of being punished. Hitting a cat is also inhumane and harmful to the behavior modification process. Your hands should never be used as weapons. How can you ever expect your cat to trust you if she doesn’t know whether the hand coming near her is going to pet her or smack her? Fear, intimidation, and pain are not appropriate behavior modification tools. Don’t let your frustration over a behavior problem get the best of you because your relationship with your cat will suffer.

As I just mentioned earlier, cats don’t do things out of spite so when you punish, you’re making the assumption that the cat was “misbehaving” and that will just add more stress, fear and frustration. Damaging the relationship you have with your cat is the last thing you want to do.


4. Not Finding the True Cause

Animals don’t repeat behaviors unless they serve a function. If your cat eliminates outside of the litter box there’s a valid reason for it from her perspective. The reason is certainly not an acceptable one from the cat parent’s point of view but the cat is trying to solve a problem in the best way she knows how. Let’s look at a couple of examples: Perhaps she’s eliminating outside of the box because it’s too dirty. While you may think  scooping the box once every day or so is adequate, your cat may not feel it’s clean enough. She may eliminate in other areas of the house because they’re cleaner. Maybe she’s peeing in the dining room because every time she tries to go into the litter box she gets ambushed by a companion cat. Perhaps the dining room offers her more escape potential because she can see her opponent approaching from a distance and has more places to run. Avoidance of the litter box may be due to the fact that she has a physical problem and can’t get into the box anymore, or maybe she can’t go up and down the stairs in time when her bladder is full.

CatWise: in stores now or click to buy here

You may have set up a litter box that’s very private but in the cat’s mind the privacy limits her ability to feel safe. Another example may be that the box is located in an unappealing location. Perhaps it’s in a basement where she gets blocked by another cat on the stairway. There are numerous other reasons your cat may feel it’s necessary to choose an alternate location to the litter box. If you just set up deterrents without getting to the source of the problem she’ll just keep looking for other locations. Whether the cause is behavioral or medical, it’s your job to find the reason. In CatWise, you can find detailed information about understanding and correcting litter box problems but if you still feel as if the problem is too complex, talk to your veterinarian about a referral to a veterinary behaviorist or certified behavior expert.

5. Being Inconsistent

Cats are creatures of habit and they take comfort in knowing things in their environment aren’t going to change on a daily basis. Whether it’s your desire to switch to a different brand of litter, the fact that you love rearranging the furniture, or the irresistible urge to buy the cat food that’s on sale this week, sudden change is upsetting to cats. I had a client once who couldn’t decide where he wanted the litter box located in his house so he moved it every day as an experiment. The experiment ended in disaster because his cat couldn’t possibly keep up with the ongoing disappearing act. Introduce changes in your cat’s life in a gradual way. If you want to switch litter brands do it slowly by adding a little of the new litter into the current brand and then increasing the amount over the course of a few days. When introducing a second cat into the household do it gradually so both cats get a chance to adjust. Cats don’t want to be taken by surprise.

litter box with litter scoop

Photo: Fotolia

6. Giving Up

Don’t give up on your cat and send her to the shelter or turn her into an outdoor cat. If you feel as if the problem is more than you can handle, ask your veterinarian for a referral to a certified behavior expert. In many cases, the solution to the problem may actually be easier than you think. Your cat is a member of the family and deserves getting the help needed to solve this issue.

Need More Help?

You can find more in-depth information on litter box issues in any of Pam’s books, including the latest release, CatWise. Pam’s books are available at bookstores everywhere, through your favorite online book retailer and here on our website.

Note: this article is not intended as a medical diagnosis. If you’re cat is exhibiting a change in litter box habits, consult your veterinarian.

Pam's books are referred to as the cat bibles by behavior experts, veterinarians and cat parents worldwide

Pam is unable to respond to questions or remarks posted in the comment section. If you have a question about cat behavior, you can find many answers in the articles Pam writes for the website as well as in her best-selling books.




4 Responses to Solving Your Cat’s Litter Box Problem: 6 Mistakes to Avoid

  1. My cat likes to sleep in her liter box. I have two liter boxes for my cat. One she uses to go to the bathroom and the other she is now sleeping in. She was using the second box on a regular bases, especially when she is upstairs. But now she is sleeping on the cat liter. The second liter box is clean so she is not sleeping in fecal matter.This behavior is a recent occurrence. Is this normal or do I have something to worry about? Any help will be appreciated.
    Thank you,
    Gene Mitchell

  2. I have a very sweet male cat that my vet says has urinary crystals. This has caused this well behaved cat to now pee in all the wrong places. I’ve switched the food to the urinary track type at my vet’s recommendation and it’s been about a week now. He’s still peeing on the carpet and my bed! I’ve been very gentle with him. And when I notice, I pick him up and take him to the litter box. It is in the bath tub, so he has taken to peeing in the tub, not the box. He’s still licking himself after peeing Where do I go from here? I know he wants to do the right thing. I’ve been using wheat litter which has been fine up until now. Perhaps a first step is to thoroughly clean the litter box and use a different litter? Or what else?

  3. Hi Colby, did you ever figure out a solution to your problem? I’m dealing with the same thing with my female, and we have a new construction home and she’s ruining our carpet. We’re at our wits end but I can’t bear the thought of getting rid of her. I feel like I’ve tried everything possible and still at a loss. Thanks in advance.

  4. Hi I had several bad behaviors with toileting of our Mother cat and 2x 5 month old sons. I read the net for days! The best advice that really worked was multiple litter boxes, one in each room they pee in. Verbal praise if the go to the box. Keep the box smelling ok by cleaning any droppings as soon as they leave – gradually reduce the amount of boxes as they select their favorite area. A covered littler box with a swing door gives some cats the privacy they prefer. I hope some of this will help you .

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